In a complete preference or choice scenario, where the citizen has no confusion among the choices, the citizen can vote clearly for either of the candidates (X or Y or Z). We get to know the citizen’s clear preference among the candidates. However, what happens when these preferences or choices are not clear to the citizens? What if citizens cannot distinguish their preference among the candidates? What happens when citizens consider the candidates equally bad? How can citizens widely express their voice about the candidates? The current voting system does not capture the quality or the intensity aspect of the citizen’s opinion on the candidates. For a better depiction, consider the following scenarios:

Scenario I

Candidate Y selection for an elected position will negatively impact the life of citizen A. How can the citizen voice this concern? In the current voting process, the citizen can vote for other candidates, but is that enough? Especially, considering if she is a minority in the country?